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Largest Mongolian meteorite found in Khentii Aimag Museum

Updated: Nov 16, 2023

Largest meteorite found in Mongolia preserved in Khentii Aimag Museum
Largest meteorite found in Mongolia preserved in Khentii Aimag Museum

IUnveiling the Mysteries of the 'Galshar-Tuvshinshiree' Meteorite: A Monumental Discovery in Mongolia

In the realm of astronomical discoveries, few events stir as much excitement as the unearthing of a meteorite. In 1989, Mongolia made headlines with the discovery of the 'Galshar-Tuvshinshiree' Mongolian meteorite, a significant find that has since captivated scientists and space enthusiasts alike. This blog delves into the journey of this extraordinary meteorite, from its discovery to the groundbreaking research that followed.

The Discovery of Mongolian meteorite

The story of the 'Galshar-Tuvshinshiree' meteorite began in 'Zeertiin khondii,' a location straddling the border of Galshar Soum in Khentii Aimag and Tuvshinshiree Soum in Sukhbaatar Aimag. The meteorite, named after the site of its discovery, was an impressive find by any measure. Measuring 79.5 cm in height, 45-52 cm in width, and weighing a hefty 550 kg, it immediately garnered significant interest from the scientific community.

The Study of Mongolian meteorite

Fast forward to 2010, when a detailed study was initiated to unravel the mysteries of this space rock. The research was led by Professor G.Gongorjav and Doctor B.Tsendee from the Institute of Thermal Engineering and Industrial Ecology at the Mongolian University of Science and Technology. Employing advanced techniques, including physics-chemical and chemical selective methods, along with an X-ray fluorescent spectrometer, the team embarked on a mission to analyze the meteorite's chemical composition.

The Findings of Mongolian meteorite

The results of the study were nothing short of fascinating. The meteorite's composition was diverse, with silicon dioxide leading at 33.93 percent. This was closely followed by total iron (25.11 percent) and magnesium oxide (21.10 percent). Other components included iron (II) oxide or ferrous oxide, aluminum oxide, calcium oxide, nickel, and total sulfur.

What made these findings even more intriguing was the similarity of the 'Galshar-Tuvshinshiree' meteorite's composition to that of several meteorites found in Russia, such as 'Markova', 'Odessa', and 'Polujamki'. This similarity led to the conclusion that the 'Galshar-Tuvshinshiree' is the largest meteorite discovered in Mongolia, a fact that puts the country on the map in the field of space and geological sciences.

The Significance

The discovery and subsequent study of the 'Galshar-Tuvshinshiree' meteorite have significant implications. Not only does it contribute to our understanding of meteorites and their compositions, but it also highlights Mongolia's contribution to astronomical and geological research. For a country more commonly associated with its rich history and vast steppes, this discovery adds a new dimension to its scientific legacy.


The 'Galshar-Tuvshinshiree' meteorite stands as a testament to the endless mysteries of our universe and the relentless pursuit of knowledge by the scientific community. Its discovery and analysis have not only provided valuable insights into the composition of meteorites but have also placed Mongolia prominently in the global scientific arena. As we continue to explore the vastness of space, discoveries like the 'Galshar-Tuvshinshiree' meteorite remind us of the wonders that lie beyond our planet, waiting to be uncovered.


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