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Mongolia Naadam Festival 2023


The Mongolian Naadam Festival is a unique festival of its kind. This is a mature and eloquent expression of nomadic culture, it is the honoured celebration of national independence. Naadam is an outstanding combination of arts and sports.

Naadam festival was the competition of the military during the Hunnic Empire and Great Mongolia. The proof three games of horse racing, wrestling and archery found in the 13th-century book The Secret History of the Mongols. In recent years, Mongolian celebrate the Naadam festival since the 1921 Revolution after Mongolia declared independence from China. Naadam is the symbol of the achievements of the new state.

National Naadam is held in the Mongolian capital, Ulaanbaatar, during the National Holiday from July from 11th to 14th. The Naadam festival will be held in the Mongolian National Sports Stadium. It begins with an elaborate introduction ceremony beautiful featuring dancers, athletes, horse riders, and musicians. The competition will be the horse racing, from 512-1024 wrestlers wrestling, and traditional arrow bow shooting. There will be a little different game such as ankle bone shooting, conventional fast food serving, traditional Mongolian beverages, etc.

Nomadic Mongolian have known when to throw the parties. Naadam Festival is held in the most enjoyable time of the most pleasant season in the country. Therefore, every people takes the chance such as travelling to the countryside, camping out and gathering in their closest herds.


  • 07:00- 8:00 We will pick you from your Hotel or meet Enza Tours LLC office

  • 08:30 We will drive to Chinggis Square. There we will see the ceremony of placing The National Nine White Banner in the Central Mongolian Stadium



  • 10:00 directly drive to Central Stadium to see the ceremony.

We will watch the Opening Ceremony of the Naadam festival, and it will be opened officially by the President of Mongolia. At the stadium, a vast procession held including hundreds of adults and children dressed in costumes representing ethnic groups. It features a fantastic and colourful show with traditional Mongolian folk music, dancing and theatrical performance.


You will see archery competitions which only rely on his keen eye. Archers aim at a target of first-sized baskets. Ancient people used their version of bows and arrows for hunting. Later in history, these tools started to be used as a weapon during battles. Around the 11th century, men were encouraged to practice archery to be prepared for fighting. Therefore, up to now, archery has been able to be developed as sports. The target is placed on the ground at a distance of 75 meters for men and 60 meters for women. In the past Mongolians used three types of bows; "big size" (165-170cm), "average size" (160cm), "small size' (150cm). Today Mongolian's mostly use the average size bow which requires a force from 22 to 38kg to pull it. Arrows are usually made from pine wood. The arrow to reach a distance of circa 900 meters.



After that, the first round of wrestling competition will start. It has ten shots to get a champion in the evening. According to an ancient rock-carving, dated back to the Bronze Age (7000-11000BC). Portraying a wrestling festivity found in Ulziit soum of Dundgobi province. The wrestling has well been exercised in the territory of Mongolia for over 7000 years. About its vast open area and nomadic culture, Mongolian wrestling has lone uniqueness. For instance, as no weight or field limitation, expanded time and many tricks.


Throughout its history, Mongolian wrestling has been developed in three main streams: Mongolian bull wrestling, Khalkh wrestling, and Inner Mongolian wrestling. They have same in the wrestlers’ costumes, wrestling dances, rituals of judges and attendants and the wrestling field. However, they are contrasted in the rules of winning/losing. Touching ahead, knees or elbows are counted as losing in the Khalkh wrestling. For instance, while reaching back is calculated as missing in the Mongolian bull wrestling.

Mongolian horse racing


  • 12:30 We will drive to Khui Doloon Khudag (the place for racing) the horse racing field. There we will feel the most fantastic feeling with locals.

Mongol horse racing is part of the unique heritage in the world. Mongolian herders train their horses via conventional technique, and it is not easy to win, but everyone feels immense glory. We will enjoy the first race. Mongolians enjoy horse racing throughout the year. However, the most extended and exciting one happens during the Naadam Festival. During the festival, horses are divided into six categories based on their ages. The distance of the race varies in each type:

  • two-year-old horses race for 10-12 km (6-7,5 miles),

  • stallions race for 23 km (14,5 miles) on average,

  • seven-year-old one's race for 25-26 km (15,5-16 miles).

Moreover, though, the distance varies from track to race depending on the surface of the race field in different locations.


Horse riders are usually between the age of 5 and 13. Due to the long distance of the horseracing, jockeys are preferred to be light, yet experienced. During the race, riders not only ride horses. They are responsible for cherishing their horses with a particular song called “Giingo”. This song is raising their spirits.

concert naadam.jpg


After the horse arrives, we will drive back to the Hotel. After that having some rest to continue to visit the show on the Chinggis Khaan square. There you can enjoy Mongolian traditional music, modern music, and dancing, singing.



  • Our travel route: Ulaanbaatar – Central Stadium – Khui Doloon Khudag – Ulaanbaatar

  • Travel length: circa 60km

  • Available: July 11th, 2023

  • Duration of tour: A day tour

  • Breakfast and traditional Mongolian food

  • Bottle of water, tea, beverages

  • Driver and English speaking guide included


Packing List for the tour

This is a suggested packing list, which you should feel free to adjust to suit your needs. Please refer to our travel guide for more detailed information.

  • Backpack or soft bag

  • Personal medications

  • Cotton t-shirts

  • Sun hat

  • Sandals

  • Sunglasses

  • Sun cream

  • Money belt/ pouch

  • Insurance confirmation copy

  • Emergency contact number