Five coolest things of Mongolia | Mongolia tour guide
Updated: Apr 14
Introduction | Mongolia Tour Guide
If you're planning to visit Mongolia, hiring a knowledgeable and experienced Mongolia tour guide can make a huge difference in your travel experience. Mongolia is a country of rich history, culture, and natural beauty, and having a local guide can help you navigate the nuances of the culture and provide insight into the country's landmarks, traditions, and customs. A Mongolia tour guide can help you explore the rugged terrain, take part in cultural activities, and experience the unique way of life of the nomadic people. Whether you're interested in hiking through the scenic countryside, visiting historical sites, or learning about traditional Mongolian music and art, a tour guide can help you create a memorable and enriching experience.
1. Amazing Mongolian history
Nobody knows where the Huns came from. Some scholars believe they came from the nomadic people of Xiongnu who entered the historical record in 318 B.C. And in the Qin Dynasty so later the Han Dynasty, China was terrorised. It is claimed that China's Great Wall was built to help protect against the aggressive Xiongnu.
Later The Huns were nomadic warriors who in the 4th and 5th centuries A.D. terrorised much of Europe and the Roman Empire. We were talented horsemen best known for their amazing achievements in the military. The Huns gained a reputation for being brutal, indomitable savages as they plundered their way across the European continent. Read more
Great Mongol Empire
From 1206 to 1260 Chinggis Khan and his sons and grandsons built the Mongol Empire into the largest land empire in history. At its greatest extent as a unified empire in 1259, it included all of present-day Mongolia, Central Asia, Tibet, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Ukraine, most of Siberia, European Russia, and Turkey, and the northern and western parts of China. After the breakup of the empire into successor Mongol states in 1260, the Mongols in the East completed the conquest of China and added Korea and northern Burma to their rule. Mongol rule in the significant sedentary states such as Persia and China fell in the 14th century, but Mongol khans descended from Chinggis Khan continued to rule the Inner Asian steppe and the oasis cities of Central Asia until the 18th century. This entry surveyed the history of the Mongol Empire from its beginnings until its split into separate successor states in 1260. Read more
2. Nomad lifestyle – the most nature and environmentally friendly lifestyle
Nomadic lifestyle only exists in Mongolia, Inner Mongolia and some Central Asian countries as well as its origin. The nomadic lifestyle is an environmentally friendly way to live. This allows the land, water, grass to regenerate next year.
The simplest explanation of Mongolian nomadic lifestyle is the combination of mobile wooden, skin and wool house, animals of sheep (200), goats (200), cows (20) and horse (20) or camels (20), some mobile furniture and family lives countryside apart from electricity and other modern supplies. Read more
3. A mixture of beautiful places of nature
The Gobi desert
The Mongolian Gobi Desert is one of the most magical and unique places in the world. The Mongolian Gobi is a vast area of steppe in the mountains and the Gobi Mountains. The Gobi has 33 different geographical areas, and the sandy desert occupies just 3 per cent of the total area. The Gobi is often characterised as a barren desert, similar to Africa's Sahara Desert. Read more
Many tourists visit the Khuvsgul Lake Pear of Mongolia each year. Because of the purest lake, beautiful nature, nomadic and reindeer people, this is one of the most drawn local and foreign visitors. Aid you get some information about Khuvsgul Lake before heading to Mongolia below. We are a travel agency in Mongolia to arrange trips to Khuvsgul
Mongolian called “The top of Mongolia”, Altai Tavan Bogd National Park is in the far west of Mongolia nearby the borders of China and Russia. The park has an area of 636000 hectares, and the highest point is the peak of Khuiten Uul reaching 4300 meters above sea level.
Altai Tavan Bogd means Five Holy Peaks of Altai, Khuiten, Naran, Ulgii, Burged and Malchin. The park includes Mongolia’s highest peaks, perpetually snow-capped with beautiful glaciers including the 20 km long Potanin Glacier, the longest in Mongolia.
The stunning freshwater lakes of Khoton, Khurgan, and Dayan are there in the park. Fauna includes Argali the wild sheep, ibex, Maral (Asiatic red deer), stone marten, deer, elk, Altai snowcock and brown head eagles.
There are many archaeological sites with many Balbal - Turkic stone figures, deer stone monuments, burial mounds, and petroglyphs.
4. Modern city
Beginning in the 17th century as a monastery town and the seat of the high INCARNATE LAMA, the JIBZUNDAMBA KHUTUGTU, Ulaanbaatar since 1911 has been the political, economic, cultural, and social centre of Mongolia. The new Ulaanbaatar began with the conquest of the public space. In 1937–39 a new Sükhebaatur Square was created south of Nom-un Yekhe Khüriye, and the city streets and squares were named. WORLD WAR II delayed construction, but from 1945 to 1950, with the aid of 12,318 Japanese prisoners of war and funds available with the coming of peace, a monumental city center was created on and around Sükhebaatur Square, including the Government Palace (built on the site of the “Green Dome Theater”), the Opera and Ballet Theater, a cinema (now the stock exchange), the Foreign Ministry, Mongolian National University, the National Public Library, and other buildings. The designs of this period emphasized neoclassical facades. Symbolic of the new regime were the statues of the leaders GENERAL SÜKHEBAATUR, MARSHAL CHOIBALSANG, and Stalin and the tomb of Sükhebaatur and Choibalsang, designed by the Mongolian architect B. Chimid in imitation of Lenin’s tomb.
The 1950s completed the foundation of a modern city as the population reached 118,387 in 1956. In 1953 Soviet architects drew up Ulaanbataar’s first general city plan. Following a 1955 agreement with China, Chinese guest workers, eventually numbering 13,150 entered Mongolia (see SINO-SOVIET ALLIANCE). They paved the main street grid of central Ulaanbaatar and built several large reinforced concrete bridges. Chinese workers also built the first of the housing projects that transformed central Ulaanbaatar’s living space. This first “50,000” of the 1950s and the Soviet-built “40,000” of the early 1960s, so-called from the square meters of living space planned, were low four-story buildings that echoed the neoclassical style. (Apartment blocks had first been built for the workers in the Industrial Combine and its power plant in 1940–45). At the same time, a central water and plumbing system were first built in 1954–57, and a central heating system in 1959. In 1966 a central garbage disposal system was set up.
Further development of Ulaanbaatar was mostly a result of the expansion of industry and population. The SINO SOVIET SPLIT sent most of the Chinese guest workers home, preventing the re-emergence of a new Chinatown. A milestone in Ulaanbaatar’s demographic transformation was the change from a 52.7 per cent male majority in 1957 to a 50.1 per cent female majority in 1969. The number of persons living in yurt-courtyards declined from 65 per cent in 1960 to 60 per cent in 1970. In the 1970s and 1980s housing projects west of Gandan and near the old Russian consulate took on an increasingly gargantuan and impersonal character, while the percentage of those living in yurts dropped to 31.6 per cent in 1984. The city’s total population grew from 267,400 in 1969 to 584,400 in 1989, almost 27 per cent of the country’s total population. While the transition from a state-owned economy after 1990 caused a temporary break in this growth, Ulaanbaatar’s superior infrastructure and cosmopolitan society have made it as welcoming to the market economy as it had been to the socialist economy.
Erdenet city was built around the colossal Erdenet copper and molybdenum ore-dressing plant, the largest mine of its kind in Asia, built from 1974 to 1983 with Soviet aid. The developing city was separated from BULGAN PROVINCE in 1975 and made a centrally administered city. By 1979 Erdenet’s population had already reached 31,900. By 1985 Erdenet city accounted for 17.9 per cent of Mongolia’s total industrial output; the ore-dressing plant accounted for 70.7 per cent of the city’s industrial output, with the remainder generated by a carpet factory, a woodworking plant, and other small industries. Erdenet was developed by the Soviet-Mongolian joint-stock company Erdenet Ore-Dressing Dressing Plant, with the Soviet Union holding 51 per cent of the stock and appointing the director and the Mongolian government holding 49 per cent and appointing the vice director. Soviet and Mongolian workers were integrated on the shop floor to facilitate training of the latter. In 1990 about 15 per cent of Erdenet’s residents were non-Mongolian, mostly Russians. After economic liberalisation, Erdenet’s mine became more critical than ever for Mongolia. In 1994 Erdenet city’s territory was expanded from 60 square kilometres (23 square miles) to 840 (324 square miles) and renamed Orkhon province. Orkhon’s total population reached 76,000 in 2000, of which 68,300 lived in the urban area. The province’s share of Mongolia’s total sales of industrial product, generated overwhelmingly by the mine, leapt to 42 per cent in 1995 before recovery of other industrial sectors in Mongolia reduced it to 32 per cent in 2000. The Mongolian government now owns a 51-per cent share in the renamed Erdenet Concern, which has a Mongolian director. The mine currently has about 6,240 employees, of whom about 600 are foreign specialists from Russia, Kazakhstan, and elsewhere. Foreign investment is playing a significant role in renovating the plant’s technology. Erdenet’s manufacturing industries, however, have suffered, and unemployment has remained at more than 5 per cent, somewhat above Mongolia’s average and well above that of ULAANBAATAR.
Created in 1961 as an industrial centre, Darkhan city became a centre of Mongolia’s construction materials industry. 132 DaoismThe site of Darkhan was chosen in Selenge province to take advantage of the presence of limestone, sand, clay, marble, marl, and other construction raw materials. The nearby Sharyn Gol brown coal (lignite) field, with reserves of 696 million metric tons (767 million short tons), supplied power, while the site’s location on the TRANS-MONGOLIAN RAILWAY facilitated transportation and communication. Construction began on October 17, 1961, and in 1962 Darkhan was put under direct central government administration. The resident population reached 23,300 by 1969 and 65,800 in 2000. More than 90 per cent of the population is under 35 years of age (1990 figure), and 86 per cent live in apartment blocks (2000 figure). Soviet and East European (especially Czechoslovak) aid played a significant role in constructing the city.
Major components of the Darkhan industrial complex include the Sharyn Gol strip mine (opened in 1964), a thermal power plant with a capacity of 50,000 kilowatt-hours (renovated with German assistance in 1993), building materials combine, a cement factory, and a prefabricated house-building combine. By 1985 Darkhan itself (not including Sharyn Gol) produced 9.7 per cent of Mongolia’s total industrial output; of that, 36.4 per cent was building materials, 22.7 per cent food processing (meatpacking, poultry, flour), and 15.8 per cent fuel. Mongolia’s manufacturing did not fare well in the economic liberalization of the 1990s, particularly outside ULAANBAATAR. The Russo-Mongolian joint-stock company Mongolrostsvetmet (formerly Mongolsovtsvetmet) built a new mine metallurgical plant in 1993–94 in Darkhan with Japanese technology, but the city’s share of Mongolia’s total industrial sales dropped from 5.2 per cent in 1995 to 3.3 per cent in 2000 as unemployment reached 7.8 per cent. In 1994 the area of Darkhan was renamed DarkhanUul province and expanded from an original 200 square kilometers (77 square miles) to a current 3,280 square kilometers (1,266 square miles). Darkhan-Uul’s population was 83,300 in 2000. The newly expanded province grows a significant grain and potato crop and in 2000 accounted for more than 18 per cent of Mongolia’s total vegetable harvest a city
5. Various travelling theme
· Real backpack travel